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Evaluation of diesel engine performance and emissions using blended biodiesel (waste chicken fat) and conventional diesel

Kamarul Hisyam , Muhamad (2013) Evaluation of diesel engine performance and emissions using blended biodiesel (waste chicken fat) and conventional diesel. Project Report. UTeM, Melaka. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Global warming refers to the increase in average temperature of the atmosphere near the earth’s surface. One of the main causes that trigger global warming is the excessive content of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. Therefore, the objective of this project is to produce a porous ceramic material as a carbon capture storage (CCS) to adsorb CO2. However, the properties such as density and compressive strength of the porous ceramic material are unknown. The porous ceramic material is developed by mixing an appropriate composition of cement, aluminum powder (Al), alumina (Al2O3), calcium oxide (CaO), gypsum (calcium sulfate dehydrate, CaSO4.2H2O), silica powder and deionized (DI) water. Different compositions of porous ceramic were produced at 2wt%, 3wt% and 4wt% of aluminium powder. Their mechanical properties and macro-porosity structural of the porous ceramic material were analyzed and compared. It is determined that the optimal properties of porous ceramic material were found at 3wt% of aluminium powder and degraded drastically at 4wt%. This phenomenon is due to the chemical reaction between the aluminium powder and DI water in which they form aluminium oxide that promotes the strength of the material but at the same time, more pores are created at higher reaction rate between these two fundamental materials.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motor vehicles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Environmental aspects
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Library > Projek Sarjana Muda > FKM
Depositing User: F Haslinda Harun
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 05:34
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:37
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14297

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