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A study of ionospheric GPS scintillation during solar maximum at UTeM station

Aon, E.F and Othman, Abdul Rani and Ho, Yih Hwa and Shaddad, R.Q. (2015) A study of ionospheric GPS scintillation during solar maximum at UTeM station. Jurnal Teknologi . pp. 123-128. ISSN 2180-3722

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Abstract

Wireless signals propagated along global positioning system (GPS) channel are affected by ionospheric electron density irregularities such that GPS signals may experience amplitude and phase fluctuations. The global navigation satellite system (GNSS), ionospheric scintillation, and total electron content (TEC) monitor (GISTM) receiver has been installed at UTeM, Malaysia (2.3139°N, 102.3183°E) for monitoring ionospheric scintillation at several frequencies. In this paper, the GPS ionospheric scintillations are concerned for the dual frequency L1 (fL1 = 1.57542 GHz) and L2C (fL2= 1.2276 GHz). Ionospheric scintillation data has been collected during solar maximum cycle 2013-2014 for six months October 2013– March 2014. Solar activities significantly impact the ionospheric GPS scintillation, especially in the equatorial region where Malaysia is located. The GPS link is analyzed to investigate how the scintillation increases during the solar maximum cycle. When the sun flux is maximum, the total of electrons is increased in the ionospheric layer and the scintillation values gradually become high. The ionospheric amplitude/phase scintillation, carrier-to-noise (C/No) ratio, and availability of GPS satellites are reported in the proposed experimental GPS model. Consequently, for Malaysia, typical threshold received C/No ratio is 43 dB-Hz, implying that C/No ratio should be greater than 43 dB-Hz to receive good signals at the GPS receiver.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: GPS, ionospheric irregularity, ionospheric scintillation, solar maximum
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering > Department of Telecommunication Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Yih Hwa Ho
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2015 08:41
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:37
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14305

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