Browse By Repository:

 
 
 
   

Thermal, mechanical, and physical properties of seaweed/sugar palm fibre reinforced thermoplastic sugar palm Starch/Agar hybrid composites

Jumaidin, Ridhwan and Sapuan, S.M and Jawaid, Mohamad and Ishak, M. R and Japar, Sahari (2017) Thermal, mechanical, and physical properties of seaweed/sugar palm fibre reinforced thermoplastic sugar palm Starch/Agar hybrid composites. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. pp. 606-615. ISSN 0141-8130

[img] Text
Thermal, mechanical, and physical properties of seaweedsugar palmfibre reinforced thermoplastic sugar palm StarchAgar hybri.pdf

Download (1812Kb)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of sugar palm fibre (SPF) on the mechanical, thermal and physical properties of seaweed/thermoplastic sugar palm starch agar (TPSA) composites. Hybridized seaweed/SPF filler at weight ratio of 25:75, 50:50 and 75:25 were prepared using TPSA as a matrix. Mechanical, thermal and physical properties of hybrid composites were carried out. Obtained results indi- cated that hybrid composites display improved tensile and flexural properties accompanied with lower impact resistance. The highest tensile (17.74 MPa) and flexural strength (31.24 MPa) was obtained from hybrid composite with 50:50 ratio of seaweed/SPF. Good fibre-matrix bonding was evident in the scan- ning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph of the hybrid composites’ tensile fracture. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) analysis showed increase in intermolecular hydrogen bonding following the addition of SPF. Thermal stability of hybrid composites was enhanced, indicated by a higher onset degradation temperature (259 ◦C) for 25:75 seaweed/SPF composites than the individual seaweed com- posites (253 ◦C). Water absorption, thickness swelling, water solubility, and soil burial tests showed higher water and biodegradation resistance of the hybrid composites. Overall, the hybridization of SPF with seaweed/TPSA composites enhances the properties of the biocomposites for short-life application; that is, disposable tray, plate, etc.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Engineering Technology
Depositing User: ENGR RIDHWAN JUMAIDIN
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 02:12
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 02:12
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/19896

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year