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Block based motion vector estimation using fuhs16 uhds16 and uhds8 algorithms for video sequence

S. S. S. , Ranjit (2011) Block based motion vector estimation using fuhs16 uhds16 and uhds8 algorithms for video sequence. In: Block based motion vector estimation using fuhs16 uhds16 and uhds8 algorithms for video sequence. Search Algorithms and Applications, 12 (12). InTech OpenPublisher, Croatia, pp. 225-258. ISBN 978-953-307-156-5

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Abstract

Block-matching algorithm is the most common technique applied in block-based motion estimation technique. There are several block-matching algorithm based on block-based motion estimation techniques have been developed. Full search (FS), three step search (TSS), new three step search (NTSS), diamond search (DS) and hexagon based search (HS) are the most well known block-matching algorithm. These techniques are applied to video sequences to remove the temporal redundancy for compression purposes and to gauge the motion vector estimation. In addition, the mentioned block-matching algorithms are the baseline techniques that have been used to further develop all the enhanced or improved algorithms. In order to develop the proposed methods, the baseline techniques are studied to develop the proposed algorithms. This chapter proposes modelling of fast unrestricted hexagon search (FUHS16) and unrestricted hexagon-diamond search (UHDS16) algorithms for motion vector estimation, which is based on the theory and application of block-based motion estimation. Both of these algorithms are designed using 16 × 16 block size. In particular, the motion vector estimation, quality performance, computational complexity, and elapsed processing time are emphasised. These parameters have been used to measure the experimental results. It is the aim of this study that this work provides a common framework with which to evaluate and understand block-based matching motion estimation performance. On the theoretical side, four fundamental issues are explored: (1) division of frame, (2) basic block-based matching, (3) motion vector estimation, and (4) block-matching algorithm development. Various existing block-matching motion estimation algorithms have been analysed to develop the fundamental research. Based on the theoretical and fundamental research analysis the FUHS16 and UHDS16 algorithms using 16 × 16 block-based motion estimation formulations were developed. To improve the UHDS16 algorithm, 8 × 8 block-matching technique has been tested. The 8 × 8 block-matching technique is known as UHDS8. The results show positive improvements. From an application perspective, the UHDS8 algorithm efficiently captured the motion vectors in many video sequences. For example, in video compression, the use of motion vectors on individual macro-blocks optimized the motion vector information. The UHDS8 algorithm also offers improvement in terms of image quality performance, computational complexity and elapsed processing time. Thus, this chapter offers contributions in certain areas such as reducing the mechanism of computational complexity in estimating the motion from the video sequences. In particular, the FUHS16, UHDS16 and UHDS8 algorithms were developed to estimate the motion vectors field in the video sequences. Theoretical analysis block-based matching criteria are adapted to FUHS16, UHDS16 and UHDS8 algorithms, which are based on search points technique. Basically, the proposed of FUHS16, UHDS16 and UHDS8 algorithm produces the best motion vector estimation finding based on the block-based matching criteria. Besides that, the UHDS8 algorithm also improves the image quality performances and the search points in terms of the computational complexity. Overall, the study shows that the UHDS8 algorithm produces better results compared to the FUHS16 and UHDS16 algorithm.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: A General Works > AI Indexes (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering > Department of Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Engr Ranjit Singh
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2012 00:08
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 02:38
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/3918

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