Mechanical Properties of Short Fiber and Non-Woven Kenaf Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effects of Oil Palm Shell Powder Addition

Abd Latif, Mohd Abrar and Abd Manaf, Mohd Edeerozey and Maslamany, Loganarrth and Mohd Hussain, Muhammad Syafiq and Mohamad, Noraiham (2015) Mechanical Properties of Short Fiber and Non-Woven Kenaf Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effects of Oil Palm Shell Powder Addition. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 815. pp. 111-115. ISSN 1662-7482

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Abstract

Kenaf is renowned for its renewable and environmental friendly properties. Recently, there is an interest on the application of kenaf-based material for high-end uses such as in the automotive industry. In this study, the effects of oil palm shell powder (OPSP) addition on the mechanical properties of kenaf reinforced polypropylene (PP) composites are investigated. Two types of kenaf are used in this study, i.e., non-woven and short fiber. For the former, the composites are fabricated by hot pressing a non-woven kenaf sheet sandwiched by thin PP sheets which have been mixed beforehand with OPSP by using internal mixer. For the latter, kenaf short fibers are mixed with OPSP using internal mixer, then compression molded by using hot press. In general, addition of OPSP was effective to improve the mechanical properties of non-woven kenaf reinforced PP composites, while the kenaf short fiber reinforced PP showed varied results. Composites reinforced with non-woven kenaf showed a larger increase in tensile strength, elongation at break and impact strength with the OPSP addition than those reinforced by kenaf short fibers.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Engineering Materials
Depositing User: MOHD EDEEROZEY ABD MANAF
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2016 00:24
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2016 00:24
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/17753
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