Optimization Method Using Modified Harmony Search For Coverage And Energy Efficiency In Wireless Sensor Network

Halim, Nurul Hamimi (2018) Optimization Method Using Modified Harmony Search For Coverage And Energy Efficiency In Wireless Sensor Network. Masters thesis, UTeM.

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Abstract

Coverage and energy efficiency metrics are two fundamental issues for almost all types of application in wireless sensor network (WSNs).Coverage reflects how well an area is monitored by sensor nodes and in energy efficient networks where less energy is consumed to provide the same level of services.These twin specifics are presented to evaluate the performance of a wireless sensor network.Due to its simplicity and ease of analysis,full coverage is widely implemented in many theoretical studies.However,sometimes full coverage is not the best way to represent some real-world application due to its strong restrictions and its deterministic characteristics.In this thesis,Modified Harmony Search algorithm (MHS) is proposed to achieve a sensor node deployment such that the covered area is optimal and data transfer has low energy consumption.Through computer simulations, experimental results verified that the proposed method improved the coverage of area in compare to some related methods.Based on the result obtain from every experiments,coverage area percentage performance is affected by the number of hotspots.This is shown by Harmony Search (HS) based method where the coverage area percentage increases as the number of hotspot increase. However,the sink node position and size of data transmitted will not affect the performance of coverage area.This is because the coverage area value is fluctuated as the parameters value increases.Throughout the experiment conducted,sensor nodes deployed using Modified Harmony Search algorithm (MHS) gives better coverage area compared to other existing methods.The average coverage area percentage obtained by Modified Harmony Search is 63 %.The average coverage area percentage obtained by Modified Random is 48 % and the average coverage area percentage obtained by Harmony Search is 46 %.The highest coverage area recorded for Modified Harmony Search is 70 %.To enhance the energy efficiency,shortest path distance finder is added to each method.Throughout the research,Modified Harmony Search with shortest path distance finder gives optimum results.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sensor networks, Energy consumption, Coverage, Energy Efficiency, Wireless Sensor Network
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Library > Tesis > FKEKK
Depositing User: Mohd. Nazir Taib
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2019 03:10
Last Modified: 17 Sep 2020 15:38
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/23296
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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