Total Electron Content (TEC) and Scintillation Study of Equatorial Ionosphere Over Sipitang Station, Sabah, Malaysia

Zain, A.F.M and Ho, Yih Hwa and Abdullah, S and abdullah, M (2006) Total Electron Content (TEC) and Scintillation Study of Equatorial Ionosphere Over Sipitang Station, Sabah, Malaysia. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2006, 02 - 07 April 2006, Vienna, Austria,.

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The ionospheric disturbances cause significant effects on satellite signals for commu- nication and navigation, which are dependent on the signal frequency and the iono- spheric electron content. Ionospheric scintillations, the most significant manifestation of such disturbances, often takes place in equatorial region such as Malaysia. This paper reports the study and monitoring activity on TEC and ionospheric scintil- lation in Malaysia with the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements. One dual-frequency GPS receiver has been deployed at the main station in Parit Raja, West Malaysia (Lat: 1.86 0 N, Long: 103.8 0 E at an altitude of 7.3 m) and one in Sipitang, East Malaysia (Lat: 5.10 0 N, Long: 115.56 0 E at an altitude of 5.5 m). Dual- frequency GPS data was collected during a one month ionospheric experimental cam- paign, whose data allows for TEC and scintillation computation and analysis. Fast TEC changes (15 seconds) were computed from combined L1 and L2 pseudor- ange and carrier phase measurements. However, the scintillation parameter, S4 index was computed as a standard deviation of the received signal power normalized to av- erage signal power every 1 minute, based on 50 Hz sampling data rate (3,000 data samples) on L1. S4 due to ambient noise was also computed in such a way that a corrected S4 (without noise effects) can be computed and used in our analysis. This paper presents a short term (1 month) TEC and scintillation data collected at these observation sites in Malaysia to determine typical values of TEC and scintillation that may be observed during moderate solar flux conditions

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering > Department of Telecommunication Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Yih Hwa Ho
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2014 05:09
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:16
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