A Systems Thinking in Natural Disaster Management: Evacuation Preparedness

Abu Samah, Khyrina Airin Fariza and Hussin, Burairah and Hasan Basari, Abd Samad (2012) A Systems Thinking in Natural Disaster Management: Evacuation Preparedness. Proceedings of the 1st WSEAS International Conference on Risk Management, Assessment and Mitigation (RIMA '12) . pp. 384-389. ISSN 2227-460X

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A natural disaster is the effect of the earth's natural hazards, for example, floods, tornadoes, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, heat waves, or landslides. The occurrence has affected the losses of financial, environmental and human life's in recent years. In dealing with this, evacuation is a challenging issue, since the evacuees found difficulties to find the best or optimal evacuation routes especially in the high-rise building. Furthermore, with the complex man made infrastructures and human behavior during the evacuation process, the wayfinding task process getting increasingly difficult. The process becomes critical, especially during an ongoing hazard present in the building. Although there are many researchers contribute in the evacuation methodology, most of it only focus on human’s movement rather than modeling the positive system behavior towards evacuation. This paper presents the systematic modeling of the evacuation preparedness in the building by applying Systems Thinking approaches. The idea is to change the system behavior into a system point of view and study the connection between sub-systems. As a result, this report lays the foundation of systems thinking in two perspectives: human-beings and the preparedness.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Industrial Computing
Depositing User: Users 3 not found.
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2014 15:06
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:32
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/13503
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