Thermal Anomaly, Heat Index And Urban Heat Island During The Hajj Season In Saudi Arabia

Noorazuan, M. H. and Shamsuddin , Man and Rohimi, Shapiee and Asmala, A. (2014) Thermal Anomaly, Heat Index And Urban Heat Island During The Hajj Season In Saudi Arabia. Geografia - Malaysian Journal of Society and Space , 10 (5). pp. 56-70. ISSN 2180-2491


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The exposure of thermal anomaly within Saudi Arabia region has invariably triggers a unique climate phenomenon called heat stress and heat stroke among its inhabitants. There are an increasing number of cases associated with sudden death due to extreme heat in Saudi Arabia. In general, this study attempts to examine the changes in the thermal anomaly and the heat island phenomenon in three major cities of Mecca, Medina and Jeddah, particularly during the Hajj period by means of quantitative analyses of secondary information on climatology and MODIS remote sensing data. The study found that almost 48.3% of pilgrimage took place in summer, during which the heat index was categorized as of Extreme Danger. There was a potential existence of heat stroke within the Hajj season between the months of April to September. Local meteorological analysis had also established that Medina had experienced less extreme temperature conditions between 1982-2012 if compared to other cities. The study also found that the city of Jeddah and the city of Mecca were amongst the two main cities classified in the extreme heat wave category. Despite the minimal heat island intensity observed, the information is nevertheless essential to be integrated into any urban and regional development plans that seek to reduce the heat hazard of Saudi Arabia’s urban dwellers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thermal anomaly, heat index, climate phenomenon, heat stress
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Industrial Computing
Depositing User: Dr. Asmala Ahmad
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2015 03:27
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:35
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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