Factors influencing utilisation of ubiquitous technology among undergraduates in Malaysian technical universities

Muliati , Sedek (2014) Factors influencing utilisation of ubiquitous technology among undergraduates in Malaysian technical universities. PhD thesis, UTeM.

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FACTORS INFLUENCING UTILISATION OF Ubiquitous Technology Among Undergraduates In Malaysian Technical Universities 24pages.pdf

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The use of computer-based technology has started with the inception of desktop computers. However, desktop computers are mostly used as tools that add to the educators’ repertoire to support teaching and to meet the students’ needs (Song, Wang, Li & Yuan, 2013). Meanwhile, the desktop computer is used by students to elicit information and participate in online activities within a static and wired environment (Osman, Masran, Hashim & Taib, 2011a). Eventually, with the birth of the Internet followed with the arrival of the World Wide Web, the use of technology has evolved in a form of a wired environment which has been around for ages, to a wireless environment which has been gaining popularity in recent years. By 2010, more than 530 million mobile technology inventions such as laptops and mobile phones were interconnected through Internet in over 180 countries. The number continues to grow at a dramatic rate in 2012 (Johnson et al., 2013). This type of technology also known as a ‘mobile technology’ can benefit students in creating an exciting and challenging atmosphere both in and outside the classroom. Students therefore, are keener in using this new technology replacing the use of desktop computers (Bonk & Graham, 2012). In this 21st century and with the fast-paced development of computer technology, students have thrived more on mobility. The students expect to be able to take their technology with them wherever they go. This gives them immediate gratification and to get feedback as well as information straight away (Marinagi, Skourlas & Belsis, 2013; Margaryan, Littlejohn & Vojt, 2011). The students also demand constant connections when using technology either for social or academic lives (Oblinger, Oblinger & Lippincott, 2005) and have their ideal vision on how to make their daily activities more engaging by using the most updated technology. The students also want their learning environment to look more like the ‘world’ in which they now live to use technology anywhere and anytime (Beetham & Sharpe, 2013). Therefore, the introduction of ‘ubiquitous technology’ in education is due to these demands and needs. This ubiquitous technology also refers to ‘u-tech’ by Kuo and Chou (2010) which is identified as a new and updated technology in the information and communication world. Ubiquitous technology (henceforth u-tech) is normally associated with small and mobile electronic devices which have communication and computation capabilities such as smartphones, handheld devices such as tablets and Radio Frequency Identification (RFIDs) (Koshizuka & Sakamura, 2010). Most u-tech is equipped with sensors, allowing the technology to interact with the environment and its users. With the advent of u-tech, learning has also evolved from electronic learning (e-learning) to mobile learning (m-learning) and subsequently to ubiquitous learning (u-learning). With reference to the learning dimensions by Lyytinen and Yoo (2002), it was observed that e-learning provides low mobility due to the use of desktop computers and therefore, the learning environment is fixed. Meanwhile, m-learning is basically about inclining learners’ aptitude to learn outside the classroom environment. However, this learning only takes place in a particular wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) hotspots via wireless devices such as Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) or laptop computers (Dochev & Hristov, 2006).

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ubiquitous computing
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA76 Computer software
Divisions: Library > Tesis > PBPI
Library > Disertasi > PBPI
Depositing User: Norziyana Hanipah
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 07:35
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2015 07:35
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14811
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