Modification of orientation birefringence of cellulose ester by addition of poly(lactic acid)

Abd Manaf, Mohd Edeerozey (2010) Modification of orientation birefringence of cellulose ester by addition of poly(lactic acid). European Polymer Journal, 46. pp. 2269-2274. ISSN 0014-3057

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Effect of the addition of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) to cellulose acetate propionate (CAP) on the optical anisotropy is studied considering the morphology and molecular orientation. It is found that PLA is miscible with CAP when the amount of PLA is less than 3 wt.%. The dissolution of PLA chains having large intrinsic birefringence into CAP phase enhances the orientation birefringence of a stretched film, although the viscosity and thus the relaxation time of PLA is significantly shorter than those of CAP. The high level of orientation of PLA chains without relaxation is attained by the cooperative alignment with CAP chains. As a result, a retardation film having appropriate birefringence can be designed by polymer blends composed of biomass-based materials. When the amount of PLA is more than 3 wt.%, however, phase separation occurs. In the case of the blends with phase-separated morphology, the orientation birefringence is not greatly enhanced by blending PLA, because the molecular orientation of PLA in PLA phase relaxes immediately as compared with that of CAP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Birefringence, Amorphous polymers, Biopolymers, Blending, Dynamic mechanical analysis
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Engineering Materials
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2013 00:49
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2022 14:46
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