Applying Clockwise and Counterclockwise Torque Directions in Pinch Grips: A Descriptive Study

Saptari, Adi and Poh Kiat, Ng (2013) Applying Clockwise and Counterclockwise Torque Directions in Pinch Grips: A Descriptive Study. In: 4th International Conference on Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering 2013, Dec 17, 2013 - Dec 19, 2013, Equatorial Hotel, Bangi- Putrajaya.


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Hand and finger-related injuries are increasingly common in the manufacturing industry. In relation to this, researchers have conducted various studies and found that a clockwise torque can produce a greater grip force than a counterclockwise torque direction, hence improving the grip control and exertion of an individual. However, there appears to be limited studies that explore this theory in the circumstances of pinch grips. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the effects of different torque directions on the pinch grips. 6 prototype industrial screw knobs were designed, produced and evaluated by surveying 160 workers from a manufacturing firm. The results show that although the sizes are different, the effort to turn the knobs with a counterclockwise torque direction is still greater than the effort with a clockwise torque direction, which can technically mean that the pinch exertion in a clockwise torque direction is relatively greater. Based on these findings, guidelines can be developed to further improve hand tool designs and the capacity of torque exertions to potentially increase human performance and the effectiveness in tasks at the workplace.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing Management
Depositing User: Dr. Adi Saptari
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2014 09:09
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:03
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