Detection of ionospheric perturbation using ground GPS receiver at Malaysia associated to northern Sumatra earthquake on 26 December 2004

Ho, Yih Hwa and Zain, A.F.M and Abdullah, M and Abdullah, S and Homam, M.J (2006) Detection of ionospheric perturbation using ground GPS receiver at Malaysia associated to northern Sumatra earthquake on 26 December 2004. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2006, 02 - 07 April 2006, Vienna, Austria,.

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It was recently established and acknowledged by the scientific community that a violent earthquake will set the sky shaking as well as the land. There exists electro- magnetic coupling between the processes within the earth’s crust and troposphericand anomalous variations within the ionosphere. This can be explained by the propagation of pressure waves in the atmosphere, generated by the ground displacementnear the source or due to Rayleigh waves. The wave amplitude increase exponentially as it propagates towards the ionosphere, and can reach several tens of meters for Ms>6. At ionospheric heights, these low frequency acoustic waves interact with the ionospheric plasma and induce variations in the electron density. Attenuation of seismic pressure waves in the upper atmosphere and ionosphere will also lead to an increase of thermal energy and make ionospheric perturbations due to energy dissipation. Calais & Minster [1] have observed post-seismic disturbance on Total Electron Content (TEC) measurements by using dual-frequency GPS receivers. The Earth ionosphere variations are considered after the earthquake associated with the long-period Rayleigh waves that occurred on 26 December, 2004, in Northern Sumatra, Indonesia(Ms= 9.0). The ionospheric parameters were computed using the GPS network main- tained by Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia (JUPEM). The analysis of ionosphericstatus was carried out 24 hours after the earthquake. In this paper we focus on the rel- ative variations in ionospheric parameters (Total Electron Content) with respect to a quiet period. Differential ionospheric parameters are made by computing the percent change of seismic-time parameters relative to ionospheric parameters computed for quiet conditions. Results show the positive phase started immediately after the seismic event. This could be explained by the direct perturbation of ionospheric electron content due to seismic wave. The second TEC enhancements appearing later (∼8 hours after seismic event) and reach their maximum during 1500 UT, whose change ratio exceeds 25%. This could be explained by the heating of the ionosphere by the energy dissipation. After 1500 UT, the entire ionosphere gradually recovered to normal.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Electronics and Computer Engineering > Department of Telecommunication Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Yih Hwa Ho
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2014 05:10
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:16
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