Comparison of single-phase transformerless photovoltaic grid-connected inverter topologies with high efficiency and low ground leakage current

Maaspaliza, Azri (2014) Comparison of single-phase transformerless photovoltaic grid-connected inverter topologies with high efficiency and low ground leakage current. PhD thesis, UTeM.

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Abstract

When a transformer is taken out of a photovoltaic (PV) inverter system, the efficiency of the whole system can be improved. Unfortunately, the additional ground leakage current appears and needs to be considered. The problem of ground leakage current is that it poses an electrical hazard to anyone touching the photovoltaic (PV) array's surface. For safety issues, the ground leakage current should be less than 300 mA, which follows the VDE-0126-1-1 German standard. To minimize the ground leakage current in the transformerless PV grid connected inverter system, the proposed inverter topologies (SC-HB inverter, bipolar H-Bridge inverter with CD-Boost converter, modified unipolar HBridge inverter with CD-Boost converter and modified unipolar H-Bridge inverter with modified boost converter) are analyzed, verified and compared in this thesis. In order to analyze the effect of unbalanced filter inductance on the transformerless bipolar H-Bridge inverter topology, the matching ratio of inductance :Lr = Lfl/Lfln and L12IL12n ) is investigated. In addition, the effect of parasitic capacitance value on the transformerless bipolar H-Bridge inverter topology is studied. The effect of modulation techniques using bipolar SPWM and unipolar SPWM on the transformerlcss H-Bridge inverter topology is compared and analyzed in terms of common-mode voltage and ground leakage current. TMS320F28 I 2 is used as a controller to generate the PWM control signal, maximum power point tracking (MPPT) based on power balance and Proportional-Integral (PI) controller. PSIM 9.0 simulation software is used to design the proposed transformerless inverter topologies. Simulation and experimental results verified the proposed inverter's feasibility in addressing issues of transformerless DC/ AC converters in grid-connected PV systems.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Uncontrolled Keywords: electric tranformers
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Library > Tesis > FKE
Depositing User: Noor Rahman Jamiah Jalil
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2015 00:17
Last Modified: 22 Jun 2015 03:07
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14637
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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