Urea impregnated biochar to minimize nutrients loss in paddy soils

Dimin, Mohd Fairuz and Sian Meng, Se and Azizah, Shaaban and Hashim, Mohammad Muaz (2014) Urea impregnated biochar to minimize nutrients loss in paddy soils. International Journal of Automotive and Mechanical Engineering (IJAME), 10. pp. 2016-2024. ISSN 2229-8649

18_Dimin_et_al_(1).pdf - Published Version

Download (376kB)


Rubber wood sawdust (RWSD) is converted into a porous form of biochar through the slow pyrolysis process. In this study, it is used as a green binder to bind the urea together and form a fertilizer. The objective of the current research is to investigate the effect of biochar impregnation with urea on the N-nutrients retention in soils. The biochars were produced at heating temperatures of 300 °C and 700 °C for 3 hours with continuous nitrogen gas purging at 30 ml/min and a constant heating rate of 5 °C/min. The obtained biochars were characterized by XRD, Boehm titration, pH alkalinity, BET specific surface area and SEM. Boehm titration demonstrated a reduction of acidic functional groups with the increase of heating temperature, recorded as 1.3 and 0.3 mmol/g respectively for 300 °C and 700 °C. Conversely, biochar produced at higher temperature was reported to have a larger specific surface area of 5.4 m2/g. The impregnation was carried out on both biochars produced with molten urea. Results from mineralization showed that the sample with impregnation retained more nutrients in the soil compared to the un-impregnated sample, manifesting biochar as a potential material to be impregnated with urea for slow release and better nutrients retention in so

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Urea impregnated biochar,ammonium release,mineralization,nitrate release,surface functional groups
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering > Department of Manufacturing Process
Depositing User: Mr Mohd Fairuz Dimin
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2015 03:45
Last Modified: 28 May 2015 04:35
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14011
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item