Simulation of air flow distribution in a tray dryer by CFD

Misha, Suhaimi and Mat, Sohif and Mohd Rosli, Mohd Afzanizam and Ruslan, Mohd Hafidz and Sopian, Kamaruzzaman and Salleh, Elias @ Ilias (2015) Simulation of air flow distribution in a tray dryer by CFD. In: Recent Advances in Renewable Energy Sources. WSEAS Press, pp. 29-34. ISBN 978-1-61804-303-0

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Application of tray dryer is widely used in agricultural drying because of its simple design and capability to dry products at high volume. However, the greatest drawback of the tray dryer is uneven drying because of poor airflow distribution in the drying chamber. Implementing the proper design of a tray dryer system may eliminate or reduce non-uniformity of drying and increases dryer efficiency. This This study investigates the airflow distribution throughout the drying chamber by using Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation for kenaf core drying. The experimental and simulation data exhibit very good agreement. The drying rate of dried products in each tray was predicted using the validated data. The result shows that, the higher the air velocity, the higher the drying rate of the products. The alternate arrangement of tray position was adopted to ensure that all trays are exposed directly to drying air and to improve airflow distribution throughout the drying chamber. There was a variation of final moisture content for product at different columns. As the distance of product far from the air inlet, the air velocity decreased. However the uniformity of air flow distribution to each level of product at the same column are acceptable.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tray dryer, Drying simulation, Kenaf core drying
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering > Department of Thermal Fluids
Depositing User: En. Suhaimi Misha
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2015 08:27
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2023 15:02
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