Electricity Distribution Network For Low And Medium Voltages Based On Evolutionary Approach Optimization

Hasan, Ihsan Jabbar (2015) Electricity Distribution Network For Low And Medium Voltages Based On Evolutionary Approach Optimization. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka..

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Abstract

The optimum planning of distribution systems consists of the optimum placement and size of new substations, feeders, capacitors, distributed generation and other distribution components in order to satisfy the future power demand with minimum investment and operational costs and an acceptable level of reliability. This thesis deals with the optimization of distribution network planning to find the most affordable network design in terms of total power losses minimization and voltage profiles improvement. The planning and operation of distribution networks are driven by several important factors of network designing. The optimum placement and sizing of the capacitor banks into existing distribution networks is one of the major issues. The optimum placement and sizing of the new substations and distribution transformers with adequate feeder connections with minimum length and maximum functionality are vital for power system as well as optimum placement and sizing of the distributed generators into the existing grid. This thesis commonly investigated the impacts of these factors on voltage profile and total power losses of the networks and aims to reduce the capital cost and operational costs of the distribution networks in both LV and MV levels. Optimum capacitor installation has been utilized in terms of reactive power compensation to achieve power loss reduction, voltage regulation, and system capacity release. The Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) is utilized to find the best possible capacitor placement and size. The OpenDSS engine is utilized to solve the power flow through MATLAB coding interface. To validate the functionality of the proposed method, the IEEE 13 node and IEEE 123 node test systems are implemented. The result shows that the proposed algorithm is more cost effective and has lower power losses compare to the IEEE standard case. In addition, the voltage profile has been improved. Optimum placement of distribution substations and determination of their sizing and feeder routing is another major issue of distribution network planning. This thesis proposes an algorithm to find the optimum distribution substation placement and sizing by utilizing the PSO algorithm and optimum feeder routing using modified Minimum Spanning Tree (MST). The proposed algorithm has been evaluated on the two types of distribution network models which are the distribution network model with 500 customers that includes LV residential and commercial loads as well as MV distribution network, and 164 nodes in MV level. The test network is generated by fractal based distribution network generation model software tool. The results indicate that proposed algorithm has succeeded in finding a reasonable placement and sizing of distributed generation with adequate feeder path. Another sector of power system that is taken into account in this work is Distributed Generators (DGs). In power system, more especially in distribution networks, DGs are able to mitigate the total losses of the network which effectively has significant effects on environmental pollution. This thesis aims to investigate the best solution for an optimal operation of distribution networks by taking into consideration the DG. The PSO method has been used to solve the DG placement and sizing on the IEEE 34 and 123 nodes test systems, respectively. It has been utilized to demonstrate the effectiveness of the PSO method to improve the voltage profile and minimize the cost by mitigating the total losses of the network.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electric power distribution, Electric power transmission, Electricity Distribution Network, Low And Medium Voltages, Evolutionary Approach Optimization
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: Library > Tesis > FKE
Depositing User: Mohd Hannif Jamaludin
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 02:59
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2020 13:48
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/16765
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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