# An assessment on the effect of different characteristics of symmetric matrices to primal and dual solutions in linear programming

Romli, Ikhsan (2013) An assessment on the effect of different characteristics of symmetric matrices to primal and dual solutions in linear programming. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka.

 Text (24 pages) An assessment on the effect of different characteristics of symmetric matrices to primal and dual solutions in linear programming.pdf - Submitted Version Download (777kB) Text (Full Text) An assessment on the effect of different characteristics of symmetric matrices to primal and dual solution in linear programming problems.pdf - Submitted Version Restricted to Registered users only Download (35MB)

## Abstract

A linear optimization model or linear programming (LP) problem involves the optimization of linear function subject to linear constraints, where every constraints form oflinear equation. In particular this research is focused on an interpretation on the effect of five different characteristics of symmetric matrices i.e. positive definite (PD), negative definite (ND), positive semi-definite (PSD), negative semi-definite (NSD), and indefinite (ID) to primal-dual solutions (duality) in LP problems. Various sizes of matrices order (5x5, 1Oxl0, 20x20, 30x30, 50x50) were simulated, each size simulated for 30 times. There were 150 simulations of matrices generated for one type of matrix. In total, 750 simulated of LP problems were solved. Based on simulations result, it was demonstrated that PD, ND, and some ID symmetric matrices were non-singular, whereas PSD, NSD and some ID matrices have been shown to be singular. An optimal solutions for a Primal and Dual of the PD, the PSD, and some ID matrices have been found with no duality gap. These were due to the matrices form a convex set of the LP problem. However, there was no optimal solution for the ND, the NSD, some ID matrices, provided that some ID matrices were concave functions. If the coefficient matrix of the LP problem was non-singular matrix then the LP solution did not necessarily had the optimal solution. In other words there was no correlation between singularity of the matrices and optimality of the Duality LP solutions. Experimental results by the simulation in MATLAB and EXCEL Solver show that the optimal solutions of both the primal and the dual solutions were same in the PD and the PSD matrices. This research provided new findings about the effects of the different characteristics of five types of the symmetric matrices in the LP duality problem which may contribute to an advancement of the LP theory and practice.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters) Mathematics, Linear programming, Symmetric matrices T Technology > T Technology (General) Library > Tesis > FKP Salleh Mohd Nor 10 Sep 2015 04:43 30 May 2022 08:11 http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/14954 View Download Statistic