Green Supplier Model For Composite Manufacturing Industry

Saedin, Mohd Rizal (2017) Green Supplier Model For Composite Manufacturing Industry. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka.

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Environmental management has evolved to include boundary-spanning activities in the supply chain of Malaysia industry. All of these activities, whether upstream with the suppliers or downstream with the customers, relates to green supply chain management. It has become a challenge to manufacturers towards sustainable environment. Therefore, emphasis on the environmental protection by the organisational stakeholder such as stockholders, customers, government, workers and communities has become important issues in environmental management for manufacturer. Hence, it is rising recognised that a strong and important relationships exist between manufacturer and the supplier to achieve the improved result in environment protection. However, there appears to be limitations on how these two entities, ‘manufacturers’ and ‘supplier’ are integrated within an identification and development of green concept to realize a goal of better environment. The objectives of the research are to investigate the requirement of a green supplier for manufacturing composite industry, to develop a green supplier model by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Quality Function Deployment (QFD) tools, and to make recommendation for green supplier best practices in order to improve the performance of company towards green operation. The research consists of literature review followed by case study on four composites manufacturing companies. The second part of the research involves the development of green supplier model which developed to adapt the principles of QFD approach while AHP is used as decision making for analysis the requirement of criteria in green supplier model. There are 24 sub-green criteria, four purchasing components and 12 elements of success factor that have strong relationship between each factor that gives the better impact for the implementation of green supplier. Nevertheless, out of the 24 listed sub-green criteria, only ten of them have highest significant effect which can be divided into three main green criteria: environmental management; green competencies; and green performance. The environmental management consists of implementation of ISO 14001, employees training on environmental and government regulatory compliance. Meanwhile, environmental-friendly raw materials, recycling of materials, and green considerations in design were contributed to green competencies. For green performance; restrict and prohibit use of hazardous substances, reduce water waste disposal, remanufacturing/rebuild/reuse of product, and reduce solid waste are being selected as the critical measure. The four purchasing components consist of supplier selection and assessment, supplier performance criteria, supplier approval process and purchasing process been analysed as most important activities that influence green supplier. Besides, top management commitment, workers commitment, identification of customer needs/customer focus, and documentation of preferred suppliers and a system that been used were recognised as the highest relative importance elements for success factor. In addition, supplier practices and performance been identified as specific measures simultaneously in setting the operational strategy for business advantages and sustainable development. Green Supplier Model is able to explain and enhance the awareness of the significance of green practice in managing supplier with critical success factor that can ensure the effective implementation towards green operation.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composite materials industry, Green Supplier Model, Composite Manufacturing Industry
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: Library > Tesis > FKP
Depositing User: Nor Aini Md. Jali
Date Deposited: 24 Apr 2018 08:37
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2022 11:10
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