Factors Influencing Implementation Of Advanced Manufacturing Technology In Malaysian And Indonesian Small And Medium Enterprises

Jani, Rahardjo (2015) Factors Influencing Implementation Of Advanced Manufacturing Technology In Malaysian And Indonesian Small And Medium Enterprises. Doctoral thesis, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka..

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Abstract

Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) play a vital role in boosting a country's economic development. While a huge number of SME have been founded, the total contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is considered to be small compared to the contribution of large companies. In this sense, one way to boost competitiveness is through implementing Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT); whereas large companies have no issue in implementing it, it is not the case for SME. This study then examined the prospect of implementing AMT in Malaysian and Indonesian SME. Structural Equation Modeling was arranged for analyzing variables covering Critical Success Factors (CSF), Obstacles, Organizational Characteristics, Strategic Alliances and Monitoring in every stage of the implementation. An approximately 535 samples of data used in this study were SME in food, herbs, and craft industry in Malaysia and Indonesia. Smart Path Least Square (PLS) was used to analyze the model. In conclusion, it was found that the AMT implementation had a significant impact on the performance of Malaysian SME but it did not have any significant impact on the performance of Indonesian SME. This might be due to the fact that AMT implementation in Indonesian SME was generally low. Also, Indonesian SME used hard AMT more than soft AMT. The hard AMT was used as the substitution for labor functions such that AMT has not been optimized the support from soft AMT. Nest, the factors that gave significant impacts on the AMT implementation were Strategic Alliances, Monitoring, and Critical Success Factors while the others, namely Obstacles and Organizational Characteristics, gave no significant impact on the AMT implementation. For the Malaysian SME, good leadership was the critical success factor for the AMT implementation, while for Indonesian SME it was organizational culture. Several Strategic alliances significantly affected the success of AMT implementation; they were strategy alliances with vendors, universities and government for Malaysian SME, and strategic alliances with vendors, customers, and government for the Indonesian SME. Monitoring also gave a significant impact on the success of AMT implementation, especially monitoring in humanware for AMT implementation in Malaysian SME and monitoring in technoware for AMT implementation in Indonesian SME. The strategic alliances had a particularly different level and priority in every stage of the AMT implementation. At the early stage of AMT implementation, Malaysian SME needed to make an alliance with university, while the Indonesian SME needed to make an alliance with vendor. At the installation phase, Malaysian and Indonesian SME needed to collaborate with vendors and the government. Furthermore, at the growth stage, Malaysian SME needed to make an alliance with the university, while the Indonesian SME needed to make an alliance with the government. Monitoring of the AMT implementation in every stage was different for both Malaysian and Indonesian SME. For Malaysian SME, monitoring at the pre-installation and installation stage was mainly important on orgaware and humanware, while monitoring at the growth stage was on orgaware. For Indonesian SME, monitoring every stage was relatively at the same level, which was mainly on technoware. This research then gave Malaysian and Indonesian SME new insights into the implementation of AMT. In short, to be successful in implementing AMT as an attempt to boost SME’s performance, SME should take into account the strategic alliances and monitoring factors.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Production engineering, Manufacturing processes, Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Malaysian And Indonesian Small And Medium Enterprises
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TS Manufactures
Divisions: Library > Tesis > FPTT
Depositing User: Mohd Hannif Jamaludin
Date Deposited: 30 Jun 2016 03:45
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2020 14:17
URI: http://eprints.utem.edu.my/id/eprint/16772
Statistic Details: View Download Statistic

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